Finding Aid for the Earl Johnson Jr. Collection

Summary Information

Repository
National Equal Justice Library
ID
NEJL.015
Title
Earl Johnson Jr. Collection
Date
1964-1974
Creator
Johnson, Earl, 1933-
Extent
0.25 Linear feet
Language
English

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Biographical/Historical note

Justice Earl Johnson Jr. was born in Watertown, South Dakota on June 10, 1933. He earned a BA in Economics from Northwestern University in 1955. Following his three years active duty as a naval officer, Johnson received a JD in 1960 from the University of Chicago where he was an editor of the Law Review. He also earned an LL.M in Criminal Law from Northwestern University in 1961.

After completing his education Johnson served as a federal prosecutor for the U.S. Department of Justice Organized Crime and Racketeering division, from 1961-1964. Next he was Deputy Director of a neighborhood legal services project; and between 1965 and 1968 he worked as Deputy Director and Director of the Legal Services Program within the Office of Economic Opportunity. Between 1969 and 1982 Johnson was a Professor of Law at the University of Southern California. At USC he taught Evidence and Professional Responsibility. He also directed the clinical program at the University. Since 1982 Johnson has been an Associate Justice of the California Court of Appeal, Second Appellate District, Division 7.

Throughout his career Johnson has published extensively, authoring or co-authoring as many as sixteen books. He has also been the recipient of numerous honors and awards including the Justin Dart Award for Academic Innovation from the University of Southern California, the Loren Miller Legal Services Award from the California State Bar, and named Appellate Justice of the Year by the Consumer Attorneys Association of Los Angeles. Johnson was the founding President of the Board of Directors of the National Equal Justice Library. He is married to Barbara Yanow Johnson, who initiated the Reggie program at the OEO; together they have three children.

In addition to Justice and Reform, Johnson published: To Establish Justice For All: The Past and Future of Civil Legal Aid in the United States. Praeger, 2013.

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Scope and Contents note

The collection consists of forty-nine interviews conducted by Johnson as part of his research for the book Justice And Reform: The Formative Years of the American Legal Services Program, first published in 1974 by the Russell Sage Foundation. Justice and Reform is the only comprehensive survey of the history of the Legal Services Program (LSP) within the Office Of Economic Opportunity (OEO). The program was created as part of President Johnson's War On Poverty and the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964. Earl Johnson played a major role in Legal Services' formative years, first as Deputy Director and then as Program Director. The interviews are with key individuals in the field of legal services. Most of the interviews were completed between 1968 and 1969. Justice and Reform documents the history of The Legal Services Program within The Office Of Economic Opportunity in four parts: Part I. The Roots of the legal aid movement in the United States; Part II. The Establishment Of The Program; Part III. The Management of the Program; and Part IV. An Assessment. Some of the interviews are not dated, although many dates may be ascertained via the book's end notes. Those interviews that are undated are annotated as undated. Where a date could be ascertained via the end notes to the book, those dates are written after the undated annotations. Where an interviewee's professional status is noted or could be determined, that status is indicated. Where an interview topic is noted or could be determined, the topic is indicated.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

Georgetown University Law Library

111 G. Street NW
Washington, D.C., 20001
202-662-4043
specl@law.georgetown.edu

Rights

All rights reserved by Georgetown University Law Library unless otherwise noted.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Office of Economic Opportunity. Legal Services Program.

Genre(s)

  • Oral history--United States

Subject(s)

  • Legal assistance to the poor--United States
  • Legal services--United States
  • War on Poverty

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Collection Inventory

 Johnson, Earl, 1933-  Interviews, 1964-1968 

Scope and Contents note

The collection consists of a single series: Interviews. The interviews are arranged alphabetically by name from M to Z; and also included are interviews from Duane and Hudson. Interviews A through L have not yet been received by NEJL.

List of interviews:

1. Richard Duane - undated, 11/13/68 Topic: Case studies in attempts to cure bad programs 2. Gardiner Hudson - undated Topic: Difficulties with legal aid program 3. Taylor MacKenzie, at the time of interview said to be the only Navajo physician in the country - 8/23/68 Topic: Case Studies in Relationships of LSPs to local CAAs 4. Alan Maley, Director of CAP - undated Topic: Legal services in Dallas 5. Alan Marer, served OEO as Regional General Counsel - 11/25/68 Topic: Case studies in how to protect good programs: CRLA 6. Richard Marshall, with Legal Aid in New Haven - undated Topic: Legal services in El Paso 7. F. William McCalpin, Chairman of the Special Committee on Availability of Legal Services - undated, 6/68 Topic: OEO 8. Peter McDonald, Director of the Navajo Office of Economic Opportunity - 8/22/68 Topic: Case Studies in Relationship between local LSPs and CAAs 9. Paul Miller, involved in legal services in Kansas City - undated Topic: Case Studies in Attempts at Curing Bad Programs 10. Ted Mitchell, with Navajo Legal Services Program and Director of the OEO regional Office in Austin - 8/20/68 Topic: Legal services in Houston 11. Jerry Dee Moize, Project Director in Winston-Salem - undated Topic: Case Studies in Development of Local Programs 12. Bertha Montgomery, representative of the Poor on Ventura County Legal Services Board - 2/27/69 Topic: Interview conducted as part of the annual evaluation of the Ventura program. 13. Harold Mott, General Counsel for the Navajo Tribe - 8/22/68 Topic: Relationship between local LSPs and local CAAs 14. Jack Murphy - undated Topic: OEO history and structure, HEW conference 15. Sam Culbertson for Senator Murphy - undated Topic: Preserving right to sue government agencies 16. Raymond Nakai, Chairman Navajo Tribe - 8/22/68 Topic: Relationship between local LSPs and local CAAs 17. John Neiman, immediate past president Iowa State Bar Association - undated Topic: legal services in Des Moines 18. Robert Oberbillig - undated Topic: Protecting good programs, Role of the boards of local programs, Waterloo Iowa 19. Revius Ortique - undated Topic: Legal services in New Orleans 20. Dean Papale - undated Topic: New Orleans, meeting OEO guidelines 21. William Pincus, Responsible for grants related to the law at the Ford Foundation - undated, 9/68 Topic: Pre-OEO, Method of Financing, Ford Foundation 22. Lewis Powell, President of ABA 1964-65 - undated, 3/69 Topic: ABA relationship with OEO 23. Wilman Richardson, president of the local Martinet Society - undated Topic: Legal services in Baton Rouge 24. Mr. Riley - undated Topic: Legal ServicesLegal Services in Des Moines 25. John D. Robb Jr., National Chairman ABA Standing Committee on Legal Aid and Indigent Defendants - undated Topic: OEO 26. Raymond Ryan, Deputy to Denton Brooks- undated 27. Craig Sawyer, with OEO Legal Services - 8/19/68 Topic: Case Studies in relationship between local LSPs and local CAAs 28. Paul Shy, Vice President of Commerce Trust Bank, Kansas City - undated Topic: Shy's criticism of a federally funded program in Kansas City area 29. Gordon Nelson for Congressman Sisk - undated Topic: Preserving right to sue government agencies / Attempts at protecting good programs--CRLA 30. Samuel Smith - undated Topic: Legal aid and referral services and their effects on private practitioners 31. Captain Staack, Waterloo, Iowa board member - undated Topic: Protecting good programs 32. John A. Sutro Sr. - undated Topic: California's reaction to the establishment of a legal service program 33. Judge Tidrick, Juvenile Court Des Moines, Iowa - undated Topic: Condition of the Des Moines law services 34. Maynard Toll - undated, 3/14/67 Topic: Subsequent Policy Issues: Law Reform Emphasis--NLADA and other legal service programs 35. John Tracey - undated Topic: Preserving structure within OEO / Protecting good programs--CRLA and Florida migrant 36. Marna S. Tucker - Three interviews: 10/2/68, 11/18/68, 9/25/69 Topic: Case Studies in attempts at curing bad programs - West Coast Situation 37. Charles Vanderlinden, City Councilman in Des Moines, Iowa - undated Topic: Criticism of the management of the legal services program 38. Howard Van Elgort, Legal Aid Program, Long Beach, California - 4/69 Topic: Development of a countrywide legal aid program 39. Ted Voorchees - undated Topic: Development of OEO-ABA partnership re: LSP / His role: pulling legal aid and stopping LSP 40. Lynn Vorbrich, Legal Aid Board and Human Rights Commission, Des Moines, Iowa - undated Topic: Fleming and the legal services program 41. Howard Westwood - undated Topic: Creation of National Program and Support, Pre-OEO history 42. Lawrence Wilson, Board member of Legal Services Program, Kansas City - undated Topic: Politics of the legal services program 42. Robert Wilson, Trustee of Legal Services Program - undated Topic: History and condition of legal aid 44. Bertel Winder - undated Topic: The establishment of legal aid in Baton Rouge 45. Melvin Wolf - undated Topic: Protecting good programs 46. William Womble, former President North Carolina Bar Association - undated Topic: Federal funding to existing legal aid 47. Barbara Yanow - 11/27/68 Topic: Case studies in attempts at curing bad programs 48. Arthur Young - undated Topic: Right to sue government agencies / Protecting good programs 49. William Zipperman, Assistant Corporation Counsel - undated Topic: Right to sue government agencies / Protecting good programs

Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Office of Economic Opportunity. Legal Services Program.

Subject(s)

  • Legal assistance to the poor
  • Legal assistance to the poor--United States
  • Legal services

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