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The 2009 Presidential Elections and Iran’s Changing Political Landscape
Iran's June 2009 elections set into motion four processes that are central to the operations of the Islamic Republic regime. They include: the growing gap between large sections of Iranian society from the Islamic Republican ...
How the Sufficiency Minimum Becomes a Social Maximum
(Cambridge University Press, 2010)
This article argues that, under likely empirical conditions, sufficientarianism leads not to an easily achievable duty to maintain a social minimum but to the onerous duty of maintaining a social maximum at the sufficiency ...
Lockean Theories of Property: Justifications for Unilateral Appropriation
(The Center for the Study of Rationality and Beliefs, 2010)
Drawing on recent work in social philosophy and rational choice theory, in this paper I argue that the core thematic of Kant’s “What is Enlightenment?” is the relationship between reason and constraints. I discuss in some ...
The Physical Basis of Voluntary Trade
The article discusses the conditions under which can we say that people enter the economic system voluntarily. “The Need for an Exit Option” briefly explains the philosophical argument that voluntary interaction requires ...
Preserving Non-Democracies: Leaders and Institutions in the Middle East
(Taylor & Francis, 2010)
Authoritarian elites often prolong their tenure in office by engaging in wholesale institutional change. Whether inherited or created from scratch, state institutions in non-democracies are meant to solidify elite cohesion ...