From Baltimore to Bell Labs: Reflections on Two Decades of Debate About Scientific Misconduct
Resnik, David B.
Accountability in Research 2003 April-June; 10(2): 123-135
This essay proposes a new definition of scientific "misconduct," which is broader than the definition recently adopted by the U.S. government. According to the proposed definition, misconduct is a serious and intentional violation of accepted scientific practices, commonsense ethical norms, or research regulations in proposing, designing, conducting, reviewing, or reporting research. Punishable misconduct includes fabrication of data or experiments, falsification of data, plagiarism, or interference with a misconduct investigation. Misconduct does not include honest errors, differences of opinion, or ethically questionable research practices.
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Resnik, David B.; Peddada, Shyamal; Brunson, Winnon, Jr. (2009-09)The purpose of this study was to gather information on the misconduct policies of scientific journals. We contacted editors from a random sample of 399 journals drawn from the ISI Web of Knowledge database. We received ...