Professional Organizations' Position Statements on Physician- Assisted Suicide: A Case for Studied Neutrality
Quill, Timothy E.
Cassel, Christine K.
Annals of Internal Medicine 2003 February 4; 138(3): 208-211
Position statements opposing legalization of physician- assisted suicide by organizations such as the American College of Physicians-American Society of Internal Medicine rightly emphasize that palliative care should be the standard of care for the dying, and that the inadequacies that exist in its delivery should be remedied. But such position statements generally understate the limitations of palliative care to alleviate some end-of- life suffering, and they do not provide adequate guidance about how physicians should approach patients with intractable suffering who are prepared to die. In this manuscript, we briefly present data about severe suffering before death for terminally ill patients, including those enrolled in hospice programs. We also review some of what is known about requests and responses for physician-assisted suicide in Oregon and in the rest of the United States. Preliminary data from Oregon suggest that legally sanctioned access to physician-assisted suicide is used by a very small number of patients and seems to be associated with improved delivery of hospice and palliative care. Physicians of good will, deep religious convictions, and considerable palliative care experience exist on both sides of the debate about legalization of physician-assisted suicide. In an effort to respect this diversity, and to encourage our profession to continue to struggle with the genuine dilemmas faced by some patients toward the end of their lives and by their families, we argue in favor of medical organizations' taking a position of studied neutrality on this contentious issue.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Gingrich, Richard A.; Lynn, Joanne; Lefrak, Stephen S.; Di Maio, Vincent J.M.; White, Debra; Orr, Robert D.; King, Steven A.; Bader, Max; Quill, Timothy E.; Cassel, Christine K.; Meier, Diane E.; Brody, Howard (1993-04-01)
Quill, Timothy E.; Cassel, Christine K.; Meier, Diane E. (1992-11-05)Our purpose is to propose clinical criteria that would allow physicians to respond to requests for assisted suicide from their competent, incurably ill patients. We support the legalization of such suicide, but not of ...
Meier, Diane E.; Emmons, Carol-Ann; Wallenstein, Sylvan; Quill, Timothy; Morrison, R. Sean; Cassel, Christine K. (1998-04-23)BACKGROUND: Although there have been many studies of physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia in the United States, national data are lacking. METHODS: In 1996, we mailed questionnaires to a stratified probability sample ...