Contrasting Role Morality and Professional Morality: Implications for Practice
Journal of Applied Philosophy 2003; 20(1): 17-29
The notion of role morality suggests individuals may adopt a different morality depending on the roles they undertake. Investigating role morality is important, since the mentality of role morality may allow agents to believe they can abdicate moral responsibility when acting in a role. This is particularly significant in the literature dealing with professional morality where professionals, because of their special status, may find themselves at odds with their best moral judgments. Here I tell four stories and draw out some distinctions. I conclude that role morality is a genuine and useful distinction. However, I suggest that the purported distinction between role morality and professional morality is over-determined. Therefore, alleged conflicts between the demands of role and profession (such as the different pressures on Pinto designers as employees and as engineers) are not conflicts between different kinds of demands, but rather conflicts arising from divergent roles that most workers will encounter regularly. Another analytical perspective is to look at moral choices at work in terms of power and the ability to bring about change. Finally, I draw the implication that we should stress moral awareness at a fairly abstract level for all employees and reinforce the moral primacy of individual choice.
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Who's minding the shop? The role of Canadian research ethics boards in the creation and uses of registries and biobanks. Gibson, Elaine; Brazil, Kevin; Coughlin, Michael D.; Emerson, Claudia; Fournier, Francois; Schwartz, Lisa; Szala-Meneok, Karen V.; Weisbaum, Karen M.; Willison, Donald J. (2008-11-14)BACKGROUND: The amount of research utilizing health information has increased dramatically over the last ten years. Many institutions have extensive biobank holdings collected over a number of years for clinical and teaching ...