HIV Vaccine Trial Participation in South Africa -- an Ethical Assessment
Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 2002 April; 27(2): 197-215
Trial participation in the proposed HIV Vaccine Trials in South Africa is discussed in the context of the ethical tension that exists between international ethical research standards and local standards of care and cultural norms in the Third World. The important concepts of informed consent, risk-benefit ratio and fair treatment of trial participants are interpreted differently in traditional, rural African communities, where a moderate form of communitarianism referred to as "Ubuntu" or "communalism" is still prevalent. Research is an altruistic endeavor that benefits communities and societies as a result of risks taken by individuals. Universal ethical guidelines that are highly individualistic and fail to emphasize communalism may represent serious problems for the sort of research needed in Africa today.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Moodley, Keymanthri (2007-11)The apartheid ideology in South Africa had a pervasive influence on all levels of education including medical undergraduate training. The role of the health sector in human rights abuses during the apartheid era was ...
Moodley, K.; Pather, M.; Myer, L. (2005-12)BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There are few insights from sub- Saharan Africa on research participants' experiences of the informed consent process, particularly in the context of randomised controlled trials, where issues ...
HIV Vaccine Research -- South Africa's Ethical-Legal Framework and Its Ability to Promote the Welfare of Trial Participants Strode, Ann; Slack, Catherine; Mushariwa, Muriel (2005-08)