AIDS, Partner Notification and Gender Issues
Hildesheimer, Gayla M.
Medicine and Law: World Association for Medical Law 2002; 21(1): 165-177
The interplay between public health, human rights, legal obligations and physicians' ethical concerns was revealed dramatically in Israel in recent cases involving reporting of the HIV positive status of patients. This paper reviews and critically analyses the decision-making process of Israeli Ethics Committees regarding HIV partner notification. One aim of this analysis is to suggest principles that may guide the decision in such cases. It is argued that the resolution concerning disclosure to partners be based on the Principle of Proportionality, taking into account the type of relationship between partner and patient, their cultural background and gender issues. The paper demonstrates the advantages of addressing such issues by professional multidisciplinary Ethics Committees, whose decisions can bring to bear the scope of relevant considerations.
Aids; Disclosure; Ethics; Ethics Committees; Health; Human Rights; Legal Obligations; Notification; Patients; Physicians; Public Health; Partner Notification; Rights; Reporting; Philosophical Ethics; Confidentiality; Ethics Committees / Consultation; Health Care Programs for Women; Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome or HIV Infection;
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