International Human Subject Research: Taking Stock in the Wake of the Guatemala Affair
Adashi, Eli Y
Contemporary clinical trials 2011 Sep; 32(5): 605-7
The recent unearthing of a US-funded study wherein unknowing Guatemalans were exposed to syphilis, gonorrhea, or chancroid sent shock waves throughout the scientific community. Prompted by this revelation, the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues has been convened to determine if current "standards adequately guard the health and well-being of participants in scientific studies supported by the Federal Government." This communication revisits the statutory and regulatory framework undergirding federally sponsored human subject research and explores its continued relevance in a rapidly globalizing enterprise. The emerging patterns are daunting and disconcerting. Over half of all clinical trials registered with ClinicalTrials.gov (http://clinicaltrials.gov/) (>100,000) are presently conducted in 145 (often poorly resourced) nations under the jurisdiction of over 2000 international IRBs. Review of the operational characteristics of the Office of Human Research Protection, the relevant oversight authority, reveals it to be underfunded and understaffed and thus unable to discharge its rapidly globalizing responsibilities. A review of federally sponsored human subject research by the Presidential Commission-now underway-could not be timelier.
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Unknown author (United States. Department of Health and Human Services [HHS]. Office for Human Research Protections [OHRP], 2005-10-01)
Theorising the 'Human Subject' in Biomedical Research: International Clinical Trials and Bioethics Discourses in Contemporary Sri Lanka Sariola, Salla; Simpson, Bob (2011-08)The global spread of clinical trials activity is accompanied by a parallel growth in research governance and human subject protection. In this paper we analyse how dominant ideas of the 'human subject' in clinical trials ...
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