Organizational Ethics: A Literature Review
Nursing ethics 2011 May; 18(3): 285-303
The aim of the study was to report the results of a systematically conducted literature review of empirical studies about healthcare organizations' ethics and management or leadership issues. Electronic databases MEDLINE and CINAHL yielded 909 citations. After a two stage application of the inclusion and exclusion criteria 56 full-text articles were included in the review. No large research programs were identified. Most of the studies were in acute hospital settings from the 1990s onwards. The studies focused on ethical challenges, dilemmas in practice, employee moral distress and ethical climates or environments. Study samples typically consisted of healthcare practitioners, operational, executive and strategic managers. Data collection was mainly by questionnaires or interviews and most of the studies were descriptive, correlational and cross-sectional. There is need to develop conceptual clarity and a theoretical framework around the subject of organizational ethics and the breadth of the contexts and scope of the research needs to be increased.
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Suhonen, Riitta; Stolt, Minna; Launis, Veikko; Leino-Kilpi, Helena (2010-05)The aim of this review was to analyse the empirical studies that focus on ethics in nursing care for older people, scoping the need and areas for further study. A search of the MEDLINE and CINAHL databases (earliest to ...
Aitamaa, Elina; Leino-Kilpi, Helena; Puukka, Pauli; Suhonen, Riitta (2010-07)The aim of this study was to identify the ethical problems that nurse managers encounter in their work and the role of codes of ethics in the solutions to these difficulties. The data were collected using a structured ...
Scott, P. Anne; Valimaki, Maritta; Leino-Kilpi, Helena; Dassen, Theo; Gasull, Maria; Lemonidou, Chryssoula; Arndt, Marianne; Schopp, Anja; Suhonen, Riitta; Kaljonen, Anne (2003-01)The focus of this article is perceptions of elderly patients and nurses regarding patients' autonomy in nursing practice. Autonomy is empirically defined as having two components: information received/given as a prerequisite ...