Systematic Review: The Effect on Surrogates of Making Treatment Decisions for Others
Annals of internal medicine 2011 Mar 1; 154(5): 336-46
Clinical practice relies on surrogates to make or help to make treatment decisions for incapacitated adults; however, the effect of this practice on surrogates has not been evaluated.
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Rid, Annette; Wendler, David (2010-09)When patients cannot make their own treatment decisions, surrogates typically step in to do it for them. Surrogate decision-making is far from ideal, of course, as the surrogate may not know what the patient prefers or ...
Varma, Sumeeta; Wendler, David (2007-09-10)Patients who lose decision-making capacity and lack advance directives and next of kin present a quandary for physicians. Current mechanisms for making treatment decisions for these patients rely on decision makers, such ...
Shalowitz, David I.; Garrett-Mayer, Elizabeth; Wendler, David (2006-03-13)BACKGROUND: Clinicians currently rely on patient-designated and next-of-kin surrogates to make end-of-life treatment decisions for incapacitated patients. Surrogates are instructed to use the substituted judgment standard, ...