Consequences Identification in Forecasting and Ethical Decision-Making
Stenmark, Cheryl K
Antes, Alison L
Thiel, Chase E
Caughron, Jared J
Mumford, Michael D
Journal of empirical research on human research ethics : JERHRE 2011 Mar; 6(1): 25-32
Forecasting involves predicting outcomes based on observations of the situation at hand. We examined the impact of the number and types of consequences considered on the quality of ethical decision-making. Undergraduates role-played several ethical problems in which they forecast potential outcomes and made decisions. Performance pressure (difficult demands placed on the situation) and interpersonal conflict (clashes among people in the problem situation) were manipulated within each problem scenario. The results indicated that the identification of potential consequences was positively associated with both higher quality forecasts and more ethical decisions. Neither performance pressure nor interpersonal conflict affected the quality of forecasts or decisions. Theoretical and practical implications of these findings and the use of this research approach are discussed.
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