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dc.creatorGross, Dominiken
dc.creatorSchäfer, Gereonen
dc.date.accessioned2016-01-09T00:35:12Zen
dc.date.available2016-01-09T00:35:12Zen
dc.date.created2011-02en
dc.date.issued2011-02en
dc.identifierdoi:10.3171/2010.10.FOCUS10214en
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitationNeurosurgical focus 2011 Feb; 30(2): E8en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10822/1018772en
dc.identifier.urihttp://worldcatlibraries.org/registry/gateway?version=1.0&url_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:journal&atitle=Egas+Moniz+and+the+"invention"+of+modern+psychosurgery:+a+historical+and+ethical+reanalysis+under+special+consideration+of+Portuguese+original+sources.&title=Neurosurgical+focus+&volume=30&issue=2&date=2011-02&au=Gross,+Dominik;+Schäfer,+Gereonen
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2010.10.FOCUS10214en
dc.description.abstractThe Portuguese neurologist Egas Moniz (1874-1955) is often regarded as the founder of psychosurgery. He performed the first prefrontal leukotomy in 1935-about 75 years ago-with the help of neurosurgeon John F. Fulton (1899-1960). In contrast to the psychosurgical interventions performed by the Swiss psychiatrist Gottlieb Burckhardt (1836-1907), Moniz's interventions on the white brain substance caught great attention worldwide. As a matter of fact, it was this repercussion that led to the award of the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1949, an award that is still highly controversial today. The goal of the present article is to reconstruct the historical background of the first leukotomies, the tangible expert debate since 1935 on the indication and legitimacy of these interventions, and their contemporary and recent (ethical) evaluation. Special focus will be set on the original Portuguese literature, which has been given too little attention thus far in the English-language literature.en
dc.formatArticleen
dc.languageenen
dc.sourceeweb:337321en
dc.subjectBrainen
dc.subjectEvaluationen
dc.subjectLiteratureen
dc.subjectMedicineen
dc.subjectPsychosurgeryen
dc.subject.classificationHistory of Health Ethics / Bioethicsen
dc.subject.classificationScientific Research Ethicsen
dc.subject.classificationResearch on Elderly and Terminally Ill Personsen
dc.titleEgas Moniz (1874-1955) and the "Invention" of Modern Psychosurgery: A Historical and Ethical Reanalysis Under Special Consideration of Portuguese Original Sourcesen
dc.provenanceCitation prepared by the Library and Information Services group of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics, Georgetown University for the ETHXWeb database.en
dc.provenanceCitation migrated from OpenText LiveLink Discovery Server database named EWEB hosted by the Bioethics Research Library to the DSpace collection EthxWeb hosted by DigitalGeorgetown.en


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