Establishing a 'Physician's Spiritual Well-Being Scale' and Testing Its Reliability and Validity
Fang, C K
Li, P Y
Lai, M L
Lin, M H
Bridge, D T
Chen, H W
Journal of medical ethics 2011 Jan; 37(1): 6-12
The purpose of this study was to develop a Physician's Spiritual Well-Being Scale (PSpWBS). The significance of a physician's spiritual well-being was explored through in-depth interviews with and qualitative data collection from focus groups. Based on the results of qualitative analysis and related literature, the PSpWBS consisting of 25 questions was established. Reliability and validity tests were performed on 177 subjects. Four domains of the PSpWBS were devised: physician's characteristics; medical practice challenges; response to changes; and overall well-being. The explainable total variance was 65.65%. Cronbach alpha was 0.864 when the internal consistency of the whole scale was calculated. Factor analysis showed that the internal consistency Cronbach alpha value for each factor was between 0.625 and 0.794 and the split-half reliability was 0.865. The scale has satisfactory reliability and validity and could serve as the basis for assessment of the spiritual well-being of a physician.
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