What Are Parents For? Reproductive Ethics After the Nonidentity Problem
Prusak, Bernard G.
Hastings Center Report 2010 March-April; 40(2): 37-47
Bioethicists often use the "nonidentity problem" -- the idea that a child born with a disability would actually be a different child if she were born without the disability -- to defend parents' rights to have whatever children they want. After all, a child is not harmed by being brought into the world with a disability; without the disability, she would not be brought into the world at all. But what happens if we turn the moral question around and ask, not about the benefits and harms to the child, but just about parental obligations? Will that lead to a different view of reproductive decisions?
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DiSilvestro, Russell (2009-01)The Non-Identity Problem is the problem of explaining the apparent wrongness of a decision that does not harm people, especially since some of the people affected by the decision would not exist at all were it not for the ...