Transplant Tourism in China: A Tale of Two Transplants
American Journal of Bioethics 2010 February; 10(2): 3-11
The use of organs obtained from executed prisoners in China has recently been condemned by every major transplant organization. The government of the People's Republic of China has also recently made it illegal to provide transplant organs from executed prisoners to foreigners transplant tourists. Nevertheless, the extreme shortage of transplant organs in the U.S. continues to make organ transplantation in China an appealing option for some patients with end-stage disease. Their choice of traveling to China for an organ leaves U.S. transplant programs with decisions about how to respond to the needs of patients who return after transplantation. By discussing two cases that raised this dilemma, we argue for upholding medicine's commitments to traditional principles of beneficence and nonjudgmental regard in sorting out the policies that a transplant program should adopt. We also explain how position statements that aim for the high ground of moral purity fail to give appropriate weight to the needs and suffering of present and future patients in the U.S. and in China.
Beneficence; Disease; Foreigners; Government; Medicine; Organ Transplantation; Patients; Prisoners; Suffering; Transplantation; Bioethics; Artificial and Transplanted Organs or Tissues; Donation / Procurement of Organs and Tissues; Allocation of Organs and Tissues; Philosophy of Medicine; Economics of Health Care;
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
The Dilemma and Reality of Transplant Tourism: An Ethical Perspective for Liver Transplant Programs Schiano, Thomas D.; Rhodes, Rosamond (2010-02)Transplant programs are likely to encounter increasing numbers of patients who return after receiving an organ transplant abroad. These patients will require ongoing medical care to monitor their immunosuppression and to ...
Schiano, Thomas D; Rhodes, Rosamond (2010-04)PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Because of the ongoing organ donor shortage, transplant tourism is occurring at an increasing rate both in the USA and abroad. To date, there have been little published data to help guide the programmatic ...
Rhodes, Rosamond; Aggarwal, Sourabh; Schiano, Thomas D (2011-09)Liver transplantation (LT) programs encounter patients with fulminant hepatic failure resulting from suicide attempts involving acetaminophen or multidrug ingestion. Members of transplant teams often have different opinions ...