Attitudes Toward Living Kidney Donation in Transplant Hospitals: A Spanish, Mexican, and Cuban Multicenter Study
Ayala-Garc?a, M A
Sebastißn, M J
Ram?rez, E J
Rodr?guez, J S
Mart?nez, M A
Transplantation proceedings 2010 Jan-Feb; 42(1): 228-32
INTRODUCTION: Living donor kidney (LKD) transplantation provides better results than deceased donor donation, involving minimum risk for the donor. However, LKD donation rates are low in most countries. We analyzed attitudes toward LKD in transplant hospitals in Spain, Mexico, and Cuba. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were obtained from five transplant hospitals through the International Collaborative Program "Proyecto Donante Vivo, Murcia" in three countries: Spain (n = 1168), Mexico (n = 903), and Cuba (n = 202). The random sample (2273 employees) was stratified according to job category. The instrument used to evaluate attitude was a validated questionnaire. Statistical analysis included Student t test, the chi(2) test, and multivariate analysis. RESULTS: Eighty eight percent (n = 2002) of Spanish, Mexican, and Cuban transplant hospital personnel were in favor of related LKD and 24% nonrelated LKD (n = 555). Attitudes were more favorable among centers in Cuba 97% (n = 195), followed by Mexico 88% (n = 793) and by Spain 87% (n = 1014; P
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