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dc.creatorKalmar, Isabelle Den
dc.creatorJanssens, Geert P Jen
dc.creatorMoons, Christel P Hen
dc.date.accessioned2016-01-09T00:45:18Zen
dc.date.available2016-01-09T00:45:18Zen
dc.date.created2010en
dc.date.issued2010en
dc.identifierdoi:10.1093/ilar.51.4.409en
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitationILAR journal / National Research Council, Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources 2010; 51(4): 409-23en
dc.identifier.urihttp://worldcatlibraries.org/registry/gateway?version=1.0&url_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:journal&atitle=Guidelines+and+ethical+considerations+for+housing+and+management+of+psittacine+birds+used+in+research.&title=ILAR+journal+/+National+Research+Council,+Institute+of+Laboratory+Animal+Resources+&volume=51&issue=4&date=2010&au=Kalmar,+Isabelle+D;+Janssens,+Geert+P+J;+Moons,+Christel+P+Hen
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ilar.51.4.409en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10822/1025612en
dc.description.abstractThe Psittaciformes are a large order of landbirds comprising over 350 species in about 83 genera. In 2009, 141 published studies implicated parrots as research subjects; in 31 of these studies, 483 individuals from 45 different species could be considered laboratory animals. Amazons and budgerigars were by far the most represented psittacine species. The laboratory research topics were categorized as either veterinary medicine and diagnostics (bacteriology, hematology, morphology, and reproduction; 45%) or behavioral and sensory studies (behavior, acoustics, and vision; 17%). Confinement of psittacine species for research purposes is a matter of concern as scientifically based species-specific housing guidelines are scarce. The aim of this article is to provide scientific information relevant to the laboratory confinement of Psittaciformes to promote the refinement of acquisition, housing, and maintenance practices of these birds as laboratory animals. We briefly discuss systematics, geographical distribution, legislation, and conservation status as background information on laboratory parrot confinement. The following section presents welfare concerns related to captive containment (including domestication status) and psittacine cognition. We then discuss considerations in the acquisition of laboratory parrots and review important management issues such as nutrition, zoonoses, housing, and environmental enrichment. The final section reviews indications of distress and compromised welfare.en
dc.formatArticleen
dc.languageenen
dc.sourceeweb:328885en
dc.subjectCognitionen
dc.subjectContainmenten
dc.subjectGuidelinesen
dc.subjectLaboratory Animalsen
dc.subjectLegislationen
dc.subjectMedicineen
dc.subjectNutritionen
dc.subjectReproductionen
dc.subjectResearchen
dc.subjectResearch Subjectsen
dc.subjectReviewen
dc.subject.classificationAnimal Welfareen
dc.subject.classificationAnimal Experimentationen
dc.titleGuidelines and Ethical Considerations for Housing and Management of Psittacine Birds Used in Researchen
dc.provenanceCitation prepared by the Library and Information Services group of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics, Georgetown University for the ETHXWeb database.en
dc.provenanceCitation migrated from OpenText LiveLink Discovery Server database named EWEB hosted by the Bioethics Research Library to the DSpace collection EthxWeb hosted by DigitalGeorgetown.en


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