Politics, Religion and Gender Equality in Contemporary Mexico: Women's Sexuality and Reproductive Rights in a Contested Secular State
Mejía, María Consuelo
Third world quarterly 2010; 31(6): 989-1005
This article explores the complexities of the interaction between politics, religion and gender equality in contemporary Mexico, by analysing recent developments in public debate, legal changes and implementation of government policies in two areas: 1) the inclusion of emergency contraception in public health services in 2004; and 2) the decriminalisation of abortion in Mexico City in 2008, which was followed by a massive campaign to re-criminalise abortion in the federal states. Three main findings emerge from our analysis: first, that women's sexual and reproductive autonomy has become an issue of intense public debate that is being addressed by both state-public policy and society; second, that the gradual democratisation of the Mexican political system and society is forcing the Catholic Church to play by the rules of democracy; and third, that the character and nature of the Mexican (secular) state has become an arena of intense struggle within which traditional political boundaries and ideologies are being reconfigured.
Abortion; Autonomy; Contraception; Democracy; Government; Health; Health Services; Nature; Politics; Public Health; Public Policy; Religion; Reproductive Rights; Rights; Sexuality; Sexuality / Gender; Reproduction / Reproductive Technologies; International and Political Dimensions of Biology and Medicine;
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