Fathers' Involvement at Home and Children's Achievement: Evidence from Rural China, Gansu Province
This Master's thesis explores a somewhat under-explored area of a father's impact on his child's educational performance in the rural province of China. Employing the Gansu Survey of Children and Families, this study measured the father's effect upon the cognitive aspect of his children, measured by the cognitive test result the children undertook in 2000. Policy recommendations considered the rural setting, to capitalize on the following findings.Several factors were significant throughout the OLS regression models. Other studies have confirmed that boys did better than girls in rural China, while a mother that encouraged her child often seems to be followed by a lower test score. Among other factors, interaction with the father, generally measured as a frequent conversation with the child, and the father's provision of assistance in homework, often estimated a higher score for the child, except when the father was uneducated. A good marital relationship also contributed to higher scores, whereas parent occupation was not significant.The central message and policy recommendation is to raise awareness of the father on his critical role and impact on his child's educational future. As the government is the central authority on development decisions, it should provide telecommunication infrastructure for rural Chinese for the large number of fathers that left the village for city jobs to communicate with their children often. Advertisements should also inform fathers of the benefit of a good marriage and frequent interaction with his child. In the long run, other means should be explored for rural development to retain fathers with his family, as well as for the region to be prosperous for more educated children to find jobs that suit their education.
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Zhang, Yichi (Georgetown University, 2012)A long standing debate among academics and policy-makers concerns whether globalization leads to a higher degree of inequality. In this regard, China has attracted particular attention. In contrast to the existing literature ...