Perception of Ethical Climate and Its Relationship to Nurses' Demographic Characteristics and Job Satisfaction
Nursing ethics 2010 Mar ; 17(2): 233-46
In this study, we examined the perception of actual and ideal ethical climate type among 95 nurses working in the internal medicine wards of one central hospital in the state of Israel. We also examined whether nurses' demographic characteristics influence that perception and if a relationship between perceptions of an actual and an ideal ethical climate type influences nurses' job satisfaction. A questionnaire composed of three subquestionnaires was administered and the responses analyzed using multiple linear regressions, analysis of variance and Pearson's correlation coefficient. The results demonstrated that demographic characteristics (such as: gender, job tenure and level of education) partially influence the perception of an ideal ethical climate. Incongruence in perceptions of 'caring' and 'independence' climate types indicated a decline in nurses' job satisfaction, while perception of actual 'caring' and 'service' climates positively influenced all aspects of job satisfaction. We recommend constructing training programs emphasizing the ethics of nursing practice and also to help lead nurses to clarify an ethical framework and guide nursing staff in dealing with ethical dilemmas.
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