Naissances très prématurées : dilemmes et propositions de prise en charge. Première partie : pronostic des naissances avant 28 semaines, identification d'une zone grise
Archives de pédiatrie : organe officiel de la Sociéte française de pédiatrie 2010 May; 17(5): 518-26
With very preterm deliveries, the decision to institute intensive care, or, alternatively, to start palliative care and let the baby die, is extremely difficult, and involves complex ethical issues. The introduction of intensive care may result in long-term survival of many infants without severe disabilities, but it may also result in the survival of severely disabled infants. Conversely, the decision to withhold resuscitation and/or intensive care at birth, which is an option at the margin of viability, implies allowing babies to die, although some of them would have developed normally if they had received resuscitation and/or intensive care. Withholding intensive care at birth does not mean withholding care but rather providing palliative care to prevent pain and suffering during the time period preceding death. The likelihood of survival without significant disabilities decreases as gestational age at birth decreases. In addition to gestational age, other factors greatly influence the prognosis. Indeed, for a given gestational age, higher birth weight, singleton birth, female sex, exposure to prenatal corticosteroids, and birth in a tertiary center are favorable factors. Considering gestational age, there is a gray zone that corresponds to major prognostic uncertainty and therefore to a major problem in making a "good" decision. In France today, the gray zone corresponds to deliveries at 24 and 25 weeks of postmenstrual age. In general, babies born above the gray zone (26 weeks of postmenstrual age and later) should receive resuscitation and/or full intensive care. Below 24 weeks, palliative care is the only option offered in France at the present time. Decisions within the gray zone will be addressed in the 2nd part of this work.
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Naissances très prématurées : dilemmes et propositions de prise en charge. Seconde partie : enjeux éthiques, principes de prise en charge et recommandations Moriette, G; Rameix, S; Azria, E; Fournié, A; Andrini, P; Caeymaex, L; Dageville, C; Gold, F; Kuhn, P; Storme, L; Siméoni, U (Groupe de réflexion sur les aspects éthiques de la périnatologie, 2010-05)In the first part of this work, the outcome following very premature birth was assessed. This enabled a gray zone to be defined, with inherent major prognostic uncertainty. In France today, the gray zone corresponds to ...
Réflexions et propositions autour des soins palliatifs en période néonatale : 1(re) partie considérations générales Bétrémieux, P; Gold, F; Parat, S; Caeymaex, L; Danan, C; De Dreuzy, P; Vernier, D; Viallard, M-L; Kuhn, P (2010-04)In France, the law dated 22 April 2005 required that all practitioners offer palliative care to patients as an alternative to unreasonable obstinacy. The practical development of palliative care during the neonatal period ...
Prise en charge des enfants de rue en République Démocratique du Congo: proposition d'une alternative éthique Leyka, Mukandu Basua Babintu; Baum, Mylène Botbol (2009-03)The goal of this study carried out on street children and care providers was to determine the opinions of the staff of these institutions -- foster homes -- and their degree of satisfaction. Out of twenty homes of the zone ...