Workers’ Compensation and Workplace Safety: An Analysis of Fatal and Nonfatal Injury Cases in the United States
This paper examines the relationship between workers’ compensation (WC) benefits and the occurrence of work-related injuries and illnesses. Using 2005-2013 state-level panel data in the United States, I estimate a state-year fixed effects model to study the relationship between maximum weekly WC benefits and the incident rates of fatal and nonfatal injuries and illnesses. My results show that there is a positive relationship between WC benefits and nonfatal incident rates, while there is generally no relationship between WC benefits and fatal incident rates. Moreover, there is a positive relationship between WC benefits and the incident rates (either fatal or nonfatal) in low-benefit states. These findings suggest that policymakers should have a policy balance to prevent moral hazard and encourage employers to improve workplace safety.
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Social Hazards on the Job: Workplace Abuse, Sexual Harassment, and Racial Discrimination -- a Study of Black, Latino, and White Low-Income Women and Men Workers in the United States Krieger, Nancy; Waterman, Nancy D.; Hartman, Cathy; Bates, Lisa M.; Stoddard, Anne M.; Quinn, Margaret M.; Sorensen, Glorian; Barbeau, Elizabeth M. (2006)