When Uber comes to town: The impact of transportation network companies on metropolitan labor markets
Zickuhr, Kathryn Michael
Thompson, Jeffrey P.
The rise of Transportation Network Companies (TNCs) such as Uber and Lyft have led to many questions about these companies’ effects on both the taxi industry and larger patterns of nonstandard work arrangements. This study uses multiple regression analysis to explore the association between the presence of TNCs and taxi driver employment, unincorporated self-employment, and multiple job-holding, based on information about when TNCs expanded into specific Metropolitan Statistical Areas and data from the Current Population Survey. This study did not find evidence that transportation network companies such as Uber and Lyft have yet had a significant impact on taxi employment in the metropolitan areas in which they operate, or that their presence is associated with an increase in multiple job holding. However, the analysis does suggest that the presence of TNCs may be associated with a modest increase in the likelihood that individuals in the labor force will identify as self-employed in their primary job.
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