What Drive Females' Labor Force Participation in China? A Study Comparing Urban and Rural Area
Morrison, Donna R
China has seen rapid and dramatic economic growth over the past three decades that has brought about significant changes in culture, the structure of employment and sizable migration from rural to urban areas. As a result of these shifts, the composition of the labor market has changed, including the labor force participation rate. Numerous explanations have been offered for these trends. One argument is that the movement away from the SOE to a private system of employment created disincentives as well as obstacles for women’s employment that linger to some extent. The goal of this study is to examine the effects of a variety of micro- and macro-level factors on the probability that a woman will be employed. Wide economic disparities, and broad differences in household structure and demographic composition exist between urban and rural areas in China. Thus it is reasonable to assume that the factors that shape women’s employment decisions would differ across the two populations. To explore this hypothesis, I use 2012 data from the International Social Survey Programme (ISSP) and estimate probit models.
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