THE GENERAL VICTIMS’ LAW IN MEXICO: A WHISPER OF SOLACE LONG IN THE MAKING
Sferra Taladrid, Stephania
This study explores the reasons behind the Mexican State’s failure to implement the General Victims’ Law (GVL). The GVL, which was enacted by President Enrique Peña Nieto in 2012 is reviled by a large constituency of Mexicans who see it as a normative simulation of justice where there is none. Yet, this law is also an unprecedented achievement for Mexican society as a whole. It is the result of civil society’s mobilization, a reflection of the Victims’ Movement’s demands, and a success of non-violent activism. For the purposes of this study, implementation is defined as the government’s act of putting a constitutional clause, law, regulation, or other rule dictated by the government into effect by means of procedure and in accordance with the letter of the rule in question. In order for a law to be effectively implemented, it must be enforced through official channels; violations must trigger some kind of external sanction through a formal sanctioning mechanism; and an expectation of compliance should exist. The need to tell the story of how the GVL came about and why, and how, it has been undermined throughout its implementation has motivated the writing of this thesis.
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