POLICY FACTORS INFLUENCING HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
Wise, Andrew S
To attract policy makers’ attention away from one-sided economic statistics and ambiguous progressive proposals toward exercisable strategies to promote human development, the Human Development Index (HDI) developed by United Nations Development Program (UNDP) is becoming a new measurement of governments’ performance and social well-being in recent years. In order to find what governments should do for human development, I test several hypotheses on the relationships between potential policy factors and HDI, as well as its three components, through multiple regressions using the panel data I created from various sources. I examine the effects on human development of economic freedom, political freedom, environmental performance, education expenditure, military expenditure, proportion of working-age population, and natural resources rents. My findings show that, to achieve the full-scale development of human beings, governments must formulate and implement effective policies which significantly improve political participation, enhance social equity, uphold a free economy, prevent corruption, protect the environment, and invest in education. In addition, they must pursue reasonable and far-sighted policies on population structure, defense budgets, and resource exploitation.
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