A Real Choice? Examining the Effectiveness of Charter School Alternatives to Traditional Public Schools Among Economically Disadvantaged Elementary School Students in Ohio
Parham, Katharine S.
Since the creation of charter schools in the early 1990s, charter school attendance in the United States has been on the rise. Previous research examining charter school effectiveness tends to show that charter school attendance is positively associated with academic achievement. While previous studies have primarily been conducted at the student level, the present study uses school-level data from the state of Ohio to analyze the effectiveness of charter schools as an alternative to traditional public schools for economically disadvantaged elementary school students. Using data from the most recent academic year, 2015–2016, I find that charter school attendance among low-income students is unrelated to reading proficiency in the elementary grades, but is negatively associated with math proficiency in fourth and fifth grades. I further find that charter schools with larger populations of black students perform worse relative to traditional public schools than do charter schools with smaller populations of black students.
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The Effects of Charter School Competition on Enrollment Trends and Teacher-reported School-level Policies and Behaviors in the District of Columbia Public Schools Sullivan, Margaret; Sullivan, Margaret (2007-04-17)Student enrollment in the District of Columbia Public Schools (DCPS) has decreased by almost twenty-five percent in less than a decade. This trend can largely be attributed to student migration to charter schools within ...