Regional Disparities and Air Pollutant Emissions in China: An Analysis of the 12th Five-Year-Plan for Air Pollution Control in Key Regions
Thompson, Jeffrey P.
Chinese provinces with more developed economies or larger energy consumption have a more striking air pollution problem. Noticing this region disparity, the Chinese government in 2012 implemented the 12th Five-Year-Plan(FYP) for Air Pollution Control in Key Regions, aiming at mitigating air pollutant emissions with diverse goals for specific regions. there has been considerable debate over whether this inter-provincial cooperation mechanism has been effective. This paper examines whether and to what extent policy priorities should shift across regions to more accurately target local SO2, NOx and Industrial Dust emissions. Using province-level data from China National Bureau of Statistics and coding policies based on the Key Projects for the 12th FYP, I find that Vehicle Emission Control Policy is more effective at reducing SO2 emissions, especially in economically developed regions, while Industrial and Energy Structure Adjustment Policies need to receive higher priority to mitigate NOx emissions in regions that are more energy-intensive.
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