Open Government Partnership and Mobile Phone Markets
Martinez Pinto, Cristina Elena
To date, 75 countries have joined the Open Government Partnership (OGP), a multi-stake holder initiative that was created in 2011 as a means to promote transparency, empower citizens, fight corruption, and harness new technologies to strengthen governance. Using a dataset that covers 93 countries in the time span between 2005 and 2014, of which 47 have become OGP members, this paper analyzes whether OGP membership has an effect on the behavior of mobile phone markets, specifically in the number of mobile phone subscribers and in the total number of minutes of use, as these variables allow to assess the extent of mobile phone penetration in a given country. As mobile telephony is increasingly becoming a precondition to support the digital economy, digital development, and the societies of the future, my findings reveal that OGP membership has an overall positive effect in both the number of subscribers and phone usage. Moreover, other mobile performance indicators are included in the empirical model to examine their interconnection, looking at the effect that mobile phone subscribers have on market competition and taxation policies. From a policy perspective, in line with my findings, the OGP represents a viable mechanism to bring together the public, private, and third sector to discuss an inclusive digital governance agenda that leverages on mobile telephony.
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