The Effect of Working Ban Periods for Asylum Seekers on Refugees' Employment Rates in Europe
This study evaluates the impact of working-ban policies for asylum seekers on the work integration of refugees, particularly their employment rate, in selected European countries. Integration of refugees is a key objective in many European countries refugee policy, thus the assessment of whether such working ban impedes integration of refugees is desirable. Previous studies evaluated different factors affecting refugees’ employment rate, and suggest that restrictive policies – such as working bans for asylum seekers – impede work integration of migrants. They mainly focused on single countries and lacked econometric tools to analyze the effect of working bans on work integration. Therefore, this study builds on and supplements existing literature by conducting a quantitative analysis with data of several European countries and finds that the length of working bans for asylum seekers seems not to be correlated with refugees’ employment rates. However, this study suggests further research on policies restricting asylum seekers’ and refugees’ access to work, since it examined only a limited number of countries and the data of 2011 used by this study did not cover the current refugee crisis.
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