Sequestration: Impact on Small Business Contracting with the Department of Defense
It is an explicit policy goal of the United States (U.S.) to promote small business, including in contracting with the federal government. The majority of federal contract dollars are awarded by the Department of Defense (DoD), which recently took steps to increase contracting opportunities for small businesses. However, DoD suffered severe and unexpected budget cuts in fiscal 2013 as a result of sequestration and was forced to dramatically reduce contract obligations. Previous studies investigated the relationship between DoD and small business contractors and highlighted factors that predict the extent of awards to small vendors. This paper builds on that research to examine the effect of sequestration on the likelihood of small vendors winning prime contract awards from DoD, using a probability model with data from the Federal Procurement Data System - Next Generation. Additionally, this paper reports on the current limitations of federal subcontracting data available from the Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act Subaward Reporting System, which was found to be too incomplete and unrepresentative to allow meaningful analysis of trends in small business subcontracting.
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DEMYSTIFYING "MILITARIZATION": A PARTIAL ANALYSIS OF THE IMPACT OF THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE'S "1033" EQUIPMENT TRANSFER PROGRAM ON POLICE OFFICER SAFETY OUTCOMES Wickes, Geoffrey Coleman (Georgetown University, 2015)While considerable popular and academic ire has been dedicated to the rather nebulous concept of "police militarization," very little research attempts to examine the tangible outcomes of issuing military equipment to law ...