The Role of Female Education on Intimate Partner Violence in Households of Pakistan
This study demonstrates the relationship between female education and intimate partner violence (IPV), using the nationally represented demographic health survey (DHS 2012-2013) for Pakistan. Education has a negative association with IPV. But this association only holds true for women having higher education (16 years) and experiencing less severe forms of violence. It is further differentiated at rural, urban samples and amongst women of different socio-economic statuses. The effects of higher education are seen to disproportionately benefit women of relatively higher economic status, in rural samples. In urban samples, however women of all economic status benefit from higher education. These findings are consistent with studies which indicate the relationship between education and IPV to be highly interdependent with the socio-economic status and the placement of the woman. However, education plays a ubiquitous role in changing female attitudes towards IPV. Educated women, at all educational levels, demonstrate less favorable attitudes towards IPV compared to uneducated women. And this association is consistent amongst both rural, urban samples and across all socio-economic levels.
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Kabir, Raiyan (Georgetown University, 2017)The notion of “happily ever after” does not always hold true as soon as a woman finds her partner. More than thirty percent of women around the world are severely affected by intimate partner violence (IPV). Intimate partner ...