WTO Laws on Subsidies and the Accession and Participation of Transition Economies: Vietnam's Case Study
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- Bui Ngoc Anh dissertation_opt.pdf
Anh, Bui Ngoc
The dissertation finds that the policy underpinnings for international regulations of subsidies are perplexing and controversial, not just because of the intertwined nature of subsidies with government functions but also of their complex economic effects. Although the SCM Agreement was a remarkable improvement of international rules on subsidies, the absence of the definition of a "benefit" for determining the existence of a subsidy and of several key legal terms for determining "specificity" may give Members a considerable discretion in the way they may enforce WTO rules to discipline subsidies, most particularly through the use of national CVD measures. This absence may cause biased effects against the poor and small economies who can not afford providing the types of subsidies that are "generally available and widely used" across enterprises and industries in their economies.
Copyright 2006, Bui Ngoc Anh
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