Actores Políticos, Funcionarias y Activistas: El Desarrollo de las Políticas de Género en ll Municipio de Morón
Vegas, Maria Luz
Rodríguez Gustá, Ana L
Gender equality is part of the public policy agenda in Latin America. During the last twenty years, there have been several discussions on the scope of equality policies between women and men, their content and possibilities of action. In Latin America, important progresses have been made, mainly in the legal field but also in different government areas. Many subnational levels of government have their own gender offices and have developed local experiences in promoting equality measures. Argentina registers some outstanding experiences in incorporating the gender perspective at the local level. The decentralization processes reconfigured the capacities and responsibilities of subnational governments and presented potential elements for gender mainstreaming. In addition, the closeness to citizenship and the possibility of articulating demands offered by this scale are important for the promotion of gender policies.Morón is one of the 135 Municipalities of Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. Between 1999 and 2015 the political party Nuevo Encuentro ran the Municipality. The administration encouraged citizen participation and transparency in management, proposing new forms of linkage between the State and society. In this context, more horizontal management structures were framed and they opened up the possibility of promoting equal opportunities and gender equality in Morón.This thesis examines the evolution of the gender equality policy under the management of Nuevo Encuentro in the Municipality of Morón. It aimed at characterizing gender policy and its sustainability over time. Also, it seeks to analyze the role of social and political actors in the implementation of this policy, as well as in its development and expansion. For these purposes, a case study was conducted and the research involved fieldwork based on interviews with different government agents and civil society’s members.The results obtained demonstrate that gender equality policies in Morón have progressively evolved from the rise of the issue in the public agenda in 1999 to the end of Nuevo Encuentro’s administration in 2015. The increasing maturation of the gender equality policy in Morón’s local government and its sustainability was due to the convergence of the four key elements: political commitment, presence of a network of women politicians sensitized with gender issues, articulation of local government with social organizations committed to women’s rights and international cooperation with resources and interests in supporting local initiatives on gender policies.
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