Age and Language Proficiency in Determining Immigrant Success
Kern, Andreas M
This paper studies whether there exists a relationship between a foreign-born worker’s age upon arrival to the United States, and his/her income, using English-speaking ability as a key factor in measuring assimilation into the host country. I hypothesize that if an individual arrives to the United States at an early age, he/she will, on average, obtain a higher income than someone who arrives at a later age. Using ordinary least squares regression, the study finds that not only does an earlier age on arrival to the United States correlate with an individual’s income, but also that English-speaking ability is an important driving influence. Given the prevalence of the immigration debate in the current policy agenda, this research highlights the importance of an individual’s English-speaking abilities in obtaining success, if success is defined as higher income. A broader implication of these results is that policies aimed to enhance the English-speaking abilities of immigrants may produce substantial additional benefits for the United States.
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APPLYING AN ARGUMENT-BASED APPROACH FOR VALIDATING LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY ASSESSMENTS IN SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION RESEARCH: THE ELICITED IMITATION TEST FOR RUSSIAN Mozgalina, Anastasia (Georgetown University, 2015)This dissertation was motivated by the need for practical suggestions as to what can be done to improve L2 proficiency assessment practices in SLA research. In response, it is proposed that an argument-based approach to ...