Measuring the Effectiveness of US Development Aid to Pakistan
This paper will examine the extent to which US development aid to Pakistan has been effective as a tool of foreign policy. To do so, the paper will measure the effectiveness of aid in achieving stated diplomatic and development purposes since 9/11. First, in examining the fulfillment of diplomatic objectives, the paper will argue that aid has undoubtedly strengthened cooperation between the American and Pakistani governments at the elite level, but has not been able to impact the hearts and minds of the Pakistani people. The US’s involvement in the region has had a far greater impact on negative public perceptions, thus rendering the impact of aid on public opinion negligible. The paper will then argue that development aid has been moderately effective in achieving development goals. In the areas of education, earthquake relief, economic growth and health, aid has seen some successes, but it has failed to achieve the same results in the areas of good governance and humanitarian assistance. This failure is due to a number of challenges within the political environment in Pakistan, as well as the internal problems faced by USAID.
Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service Qatar (SFS-Q)
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