Show simple item record

Files in this item

Restricted Access
dc.contributor.advisorTucker, Judith E.
dc.creator
dc.date.accessioned2019-05-31T18:17:55Z
dc.date.created2019
dc.date.issued
dc.date.submitted01/01/2019
dc.identifier.uri
dc.descriptionPh.D.
dc.description.abstractModern institutions of medicine and sanitation, global pandemics, and new conceptions of health and the body converged in the Arabian Peninsula and the Persian Gulf in the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries. Such transformations corresponded with increased British imperial interventions and nascent state formation in this region. Tracing the development of public health programs after steamship service connected Bombay and Karachi with Gulf ports in 1862 to the acceleration of the oil industry after World War Two, this dissertation describes how mobile, multi-ethnic, and multi-confessional residents of regions that would become Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, and Oman accepted, modified, or rebelled against top-down medical and public health initiatives.
dc.description.abstractIn the first four chapters, I explore an array of projects, including quarantines, hospitals, clinics, and malaria eradication, to demonstrate how the Gulf and its Arabian hinterland served as an object of development, a space of scientific translation, and a buffer zone between “diseased” Asia and white Europe. By bringing into focus the modern epidemiological concerns that shaped the spatial and communal articulation of Gulf populations, I demonstrate that biomedical knowledge and institutions transformed the relationship between political elites and non-elite residents. I survey early public health projects to narrate how imperial and local actors sought to define those populations by territory, race, religion, and gender decades before the national development period of the mid-twentieth century.
dc.description.abstractThe final chapter examines local accounts of al-ṭibb al-shaʿbī, or folk medicine, from the 1990s to the 2000s that address the period before the discovery of oil in the early-twentieth century. These texts craft an alternative narrative of the history of medicine in the Gulf that is made possible by the hegemony of biomedicine under the development state and a resurgent interest in “traditional” forms of healing. Such narratives frame certain health practices as indigenous to the region and the ethnically Arab population. In this conceptualization, al-ṭibb al-shaʿbī is an immutable cultural artifact as well as a foil to biomedicine as an alienating and overly institutionalized experience.
dc.formatPDF
dc.format.extent330 leaves
dc.languageen
dc.publisherGeorgetown University
dc.sourceGeorgetown University-Graduate School of Arts & Sciences
dc.sourceHistory
dc.subjectArabian Peninsula
dc.subjectDisease
dc.subjectEmpire
dc.subjectHealth
dc.subjectMedicine
dc.subjectPersian Gulf
dc.subject.lcshMiddle East -- History
dc.subject.lcshScience and civilization
dc.subject.lcshWorld history
dc.subject.otherMiddle Eastern history
dc.subject.otherScience history
dc.subject.otherWorld history
dc.titleMedical Frontiers: Health, Empire, and Society in the Gulf and Arabian Peninsula, 1862-1959
dc.typethesis
gu.embargo.lift-date2023-05-31
gu.embargo.termscommon-4-years


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record