Towards a Theory in Counternarcotics Intelligence: Building a Framework for Security in America
The U.S. ‘War on Drugs’ has been met with significant obstacles and the need for an overhaul and improvement in counternarcotics intelligence. The importance of the development of an analytical theory is accentuated by the current state of the American addiction epidemic and its threat to homeland security, and needs to be approached with a thoughtful urgency. The threat of transnational criminal organizations (TCOs) in Mexico and abroad that facilitate the narcotics trade is becoming a growing challenge for the U.S. intelligence community. This thesis provides a review and framework for the development of intelligence theory specific to counternarcotics. Research and academic literature on the theory of counternarcotics intelligence theory is limited. Through general intelligence theory literature, historical content, and information on the agencies and operations of the U.S. counternarcotics intelligence community, a comprehensive analysis of siloes and mission diversion is explored. A comparative analysis of intelligence services of the U.S., Mexico, TCOs, and other non-state actors in Afghanistan reveals strengths and weaknesses in approaches for building a framework. Understanding methods and tactics of TCOs and the disadvantages of the U.S. in relation to intelligence analysis and policy is paramount to theory development and making intelligence more relevant. Major areas of focus and improvement for the intelligence community are: defining roles of agencies and mission; defining a counternarcotics intelligence expert; updating social and intelligence strategies to dissemble TCOs, focusing resources on intelligence strategy versus law enforcement tactics; and establishing a foundation that acknowledges the ethical obligation of counternarcotics intelligence officials to those people impacted by addiction and their families.
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The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act: An Overview of the Statutory Framework and U.S. Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court and U.S. Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court of Review Decisions Bazan, Elizabeth B. (2007)Comprehensive (103 page) report recounts the history of FISA and subsequent amendment of the statute via the 2001 USA PATRIOT Act, the 2002 Homeland Security Act, the 2002 Intelligence Authorization Act, the Intelligence ...