The Influence of Minimum Wage on Gender Employment Gap in China
Wise, Andrew S
This paper uses panel data from 31 provinces in China for the years 1997 to 2016 and employs three models, including simple pooled OLS, random-effects and fixed-effects to examine the relationship between the minimum wage standard and the gender employment gap in China. The results of my analyses are consistent across different models and show a high level of robustness. My study demonstrates that the increasing minimum wage standard has a statistically significant negative correlation with the proportion of female employment to total employment, even after controlling for related economic factors, demographic factors and regional factors. Also, it is surprising to find that, while urbanization level has positive effects on female employment, overall economic growth and increasing of educational expenditures do not lower or eliminate the gender employment gap, but instead further increases gender employment differences.
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Clustering Around the Wage Floor: the Effects of the Federal Minimum Wage on Employment In Puerto Rico Reyes Jove, Tatiana (Georgetown University, 2017)Despite the wealth of literature on the effects of the minimum wage on employment in the contiguous U.S., there is a dearth of comparable studies for the island of Puerto Rico. This paper exploits U.S. Census data for the ...