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Cover for What’s the Impact of Chinese Outward Direct Investment on African Countries’ Export Upgrading
dc.contributor.advisorKern, Andreas
dc.creator
dc.date.accessioned2019-07-05T19:15:48Z
dc.date.available2019-07-05T19:15:48Z
dc.date.created2019
dc.date.issued
dc.date.submitted01/01/2019
dc.identifier.uri
dc.descriptionM.P.P.
dc.description.abstractThe debates on trade and economic growth have increasingly put emphasis on export composition. For developing countries, exports of more sophisticated and diversified products appear to be positively correlated with growth. Recent studies show evidences implying that attracting Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) ignites the potential for export transformation in emerging market and developing countries. In recent decades, China has been a major investor in Africa. However, the impact of Chinese outward direct investment (ODI) on recipient African countries’ exports upgrading remains unclear. I hypothesize that Chinese ODI has a positive impact on African countries’ export quality and diversification. My research contributes to the existing literature by looking at Chinese ODI’s impact on 54 African countries’ export upgrading during 2003 and 2016. Using data from COMMOF, UNCTAD, and a General method of moments (GMM) model, I find that a one-year lagged Chinese ODI inflow has had a positive and significant impact on African host economies’ export quality through capability spillovers but no significant effect on export diversification. These results imply that, in recent years, Chinese ODI has been effective in promoting African countries’ export transformation through increasing the share of manufacturing exports and reducing the focus on natural resource exports. These results suggest that African policy makers should seek to attract Chinese ODI that results in technology and knowledge transfers, and also seek more diversified investments in future cooperation with China.
dc.formatPDF
dc.format.extent45 leaves
dc.languageen
dc.publisherGeorgetown University
dc.sourceGeorgetown University-Graduate School of Arts & Sciences
dc.sourcePublic Policy & Policy Management
dc.subjectChinese ODI
dc.subjectExport Upgrading
dc.subjectForeign Direct Investment
dc.subject.lcshEconomics
dc.subject.otherEconomics
dc.titleWhat’s the Impact of Chinese Outward Direct Investment on African Countries’ Export Upgrading
dc.typethesis


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