The Effect of Off-grid Solar Systems on Kerosene Spending in Rural India: A Subgroup Analysis According to Energy Needs
In 2016, more than one in ten people worldwide lacked access to electricity. In contrast to kerosene wick, which is extensively used in unelectrified areas, off-grid solar power is clean, safe and cost-saving. These benefits have prompted discussions and research regarding the effect of the availability of off-grid solar technology on household kerosene spending. While a few studies examine the variation in this relationship according to household energy consumption levels, no studies have done so using data produced by Aklin et al.’s (2017a) randomized control trial conducted in rural India. The Aklin study demonstrated that the offer of off-grid solar technology to treatment communities reduced their kerosene spending more than the control communities. I extend their analysis by using proxies for household energy needs to estimate variation in the Intent-to-Treat effects of this intervention on kerosene spending as a function of household energy needs. Both my midline and endline results suggest that increased access to off-grid solar systems did not have different effects on households with high versus low energy needs.
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Hayashi, Daisuke (Georgetown University. School of Foreign Service. Asian Studies Program., 2019)China and India are undergoing rapid transitions towards renewable energy. While their power mix is still dominated by coal, renewables—especially wind and solar— have in recent years outpaced the capacity addition of ...