The Relationship between Unemployment and Consumption of Oxycodone and Hydrocodone at the County Level
Legg, Nathan Batts Ralph
Thomas, Adam T
Since the start of commercial production of oxycodone and hydrocodone in the 1990s, consumption of prescription painkillers has consistently increased, as has the number of deaths attributable to the use of prescription opioids and related substances (such as, heroin and synthetic opioids). Previous studies have found that poor economic conditions are linked to worsening health outcomes and increases in risky behaviors such as substance abuse. A burgeoning literature examines this connection, focusing on the interrelationships between economic conditions, health outcomes, and overdose rates. This study attempts to examine the relationship between local economic conditions and prescription opioid use. Using novel and newly available data from the Drug Enforcement Agency on county-level opioid consumption, and data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics on county-level unemployment rates, I find that increases in unemployment rates are, in fact, negatively related to prescription opioid use, although subgroup analysis suggests that this relationship differs somewhat in counties with different demographic and socioeconomic characteristics.
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The Relationship Between Flood Mitigation Assistance Grants and Economic Resilience at the County Level Simms, Eric (Georgetown University, 2016)The Federal Emergency Management Agency provides Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA) grants to state and local governments to reduce flood-related damages and loss of life. Existing research supports claims of the effectiveness ...