Examining the Relationship Between School Resource Officers and Student Academic Performance
Morrison, Donna R
The implementation of school resource officers on school campuses has steadily risen since the early 2000s. Concerns about school safety are frequently discussed in tension with concerns about the increasing criminalization of childhood behavior and the scope of duties tasked to a school resource officer. This paper analyzes the presence of a school resource officer on a school campus and the impact that presence may have on a student’s academic performance, both by itself and net of control variables closely associated with the presence of a school resource officer. I use three models to assess the relevance of school resource officer presence on academic performance and discuss the relative importance of environmental and social factors on middle and high school students’ grades as measured by the traditional letter system. Findings suggest that the presence of a school resource officer on a school campus is not a deleterious factor for student academic achievement in and of itself, but it is closely correlated with other variables related to academic achievement.
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Do Profits Incentivize Academic Performance? Estimating the Relationship Between Profit Status and Student Test Scores in Charter Schools Wood, Robert C (Georgetown University, 2013)Roughly one-quarter of all charter school students in the U.S. attend a school managed by a for-profit management organization. Limitations in the scope of previous research prevent researchers from understanding whether ...