United States v. Hammoud
Holding, Findings, and Matters of Law
The Court, reviewing FISA applications and supporting materials de novo, found there was probable cause to believe defendant was an agent of a foreign power. 381 F.3d at 332.
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Wilkins, William W., 1942-
United States v. Hammoud, 381 F.3d 316 (4th Cir. 2004), vacated, 543 U.S. 1097 (2005) (mem.), reinstating in part 405 F.3d 1034 (4th Cir. 2005)