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Cover for Reasons for the Decline of U.S. Post-secondary Education Enrollment
dc.contributor.advisorWise, Andrew
dc.creator
dc.date.accessioned2021-08-11T14:55:29Z
dc.date.available2021-08-11T14:55:29Z
dc.date.created2021
dc.date.issued
dc.date.submitted01/01/2021
dc.identifier.uri
dc.descriptionM.P.P.
dc.description.abstractThe United States has led the world in higher education for decades. However, enrollment in U.S. post-secondary institutions has declined year by year since 2011. Especially under the influence of the COVID-19 epidemic in 2020, this decline escalated, and the trend may continue. I focus on the possible factors that have led to this result, including high tuition fees and reduced financial subsidies, unmatched household incomes, a decreased college-age population, and major disease outbreaks. My hypothesis is disease outbreaks, economic factors, and demographic characteristics collectively affect enrollment in U.S. post-secondary institutions. Because COVID-19 related data are not yet available, I employ flu cases to simulate the effect of a major disease outbreak. After conducting fixed effects regressions, the results show that the coefficients on the variables of tuition fees, financial subsidies, flu cases, and total population are statistically significant, which support my hypothesis. My findings suggest that the government and universities should increase financial subsidies, especially during major disease outbreaks. Special preference and assistance policies can also help support enrollment.
dc.formatPDF
dc.format.extent47 leaves
dc.languageen
dc.publisherGeorgetown University
dc.sourceGeorgetown University-Graduate School of Arts & Sciences
dc.sourcePublic Policy & Policy Management
dc.subjectCOVID-19
dc.subjectenrollment
dc.subjectpostsecondary education
dc.subject.lcshPublic policy
dc.subject.otherPublic policy
dc.titleReasons for the Decline of U.S. Post-secondary Education Enrollment
dc.typethesis
dc.identifier.orcid0000-0002-8951-3931


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