Impact of Minimum Wage Change on Women Competitiveness in the Labor Market: A Comparative Study Among OECD Countries
This thesis uses panel data from the World Bank Group and the OECD datasets for the years 2001 to 2019 and employs two models in simple OLS and fixed effects to examine the relationship between minimum wage changes and women’s competitiveness in the labor market, measured using the gender wage gap and the female labor force participation rate. The study’s two major findings are: First, the effects of minimum wage changes on the gender wage gap are still ambiguous as my two models present contradictory results. Second, the relationship between minimum wage change and female labor force participation rate is positive, indicating that an increase of the minimum wage can serve as a positive incentive to attract more women to enter the labor market. The results suggest that raising minimum wage may not be the most suitable way to promote gender equity in the labor market, and that women in low-income industries and in poverty may need more help.
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The Impact of Introducing International Unskilled Labor on the Labor Market of Developed Countries: Illustrated by the Relationships of Implementation of OECD Countries’ Low Skilled Working Permit Policies and the Countries’ Unemployment Rate Guan, Xing (Georgetown University, 2020)This study focuses on the relationship between the OECD countries’ labor markets’ performance and the Working Holiday Visa policy, which provides young people with a temporary work permit. The program has been adopted by ...