The Impact of Fossil Fuel Production on Public Education Expenditures in the United States
As climate change progresses, legislators are discussing different ways to wean the United States economy off CO2 emitting fossil fuels. However, many states in the U.S. rely on fossil fuel production to fund their state and local budgets, with one of the most common expenditure uses being public education. The COVID-19 pandemic gave a glimpse into the struggles some states might face when demand for fossil fuels decreases. I hypothesize that a positive correlation exists between fossil fuel production and per pupil education expenditures in states that produce fossil fuels. Relying on data on state-level fossil fuel production and per pupil expenditures on elementary and secondary education from 2009 through 2018, I find that fossil fuel production does have a positive relationship with education expenditures in fossil fuel-producing states. From a policy perspective, my findings imply that resource-rich states will need to find a way to cope with budget losses in the transition to a clean energy economy to compensate for potential future budgetary shortfalls.
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Short-Term Improvements in Public Health From Global-Climate Policies on Fossil-Fuel Combustion: An Interim Report Unknown author (Working Group on Public Health and Fossil-fuel Combustion, 1997-11-08)