Show simple item record

Files in this item

Cover for Legacies of Republican-Era Population Policy in the Modern Two-Child Policy
dc.contributor.advisorLooney, Kristen
dc.creator
dc.date.accessioned2021-08-11T15:09:01Z
dc.date.available2021-08-11T15:09:01Z
dc.date.created2021
dc.date.issued
dc.date.submitted01/01/2020
dc.identifier.uri
dc.descriptionM.A.
dc.description.abstractFears of a demographic crisis in China have led the Chinese government to relax its one-child policy to a two-child policy. Policies intended to reduce the cost of childbearing have not successfully raised the birth rate, and the government instead encourages women to take on the work of childcare and domestic labor. Comparing gender politics and intellectual debates on national population policy in the 1911-49 Republican Era and the present, this paper finds that in both eras, authoritarian governments advocated for a gender ideal that combined appropriated Confucian traditions with a modern nationalist ideal of women’s citizenship, encouraging a focus on family in reaction to individualism, economic changes, and feminist challenges. Cultural, political, and intellectual discourses on gender shaped progressive intellectuals’ beliefs about women, population, and reproduction. Chinese Communist leaders were aware of the discussion on population policy, first consciously rejecting state birth planning, then adopting it with a “socialist” justification. This paper contextualizes Chinese population policy’s origins in pre- Communist programs of nation-building and modernization, and argues birth limitations have not been abandoned because of the enduring belief among political elites that it is the state’s responsibility to create “modern” small families for national economic productivity and citizen “quality.” My research finds parallels between modern and historical Chinese political anxieties about development and modernity, state control of the population, independent feminist activism, and globalized capitalism.
dc.formatPDF
dc.format.extent43 leaves
dc.languageen
dc.publisherGeorgetown University
dc.sourceGeorgetown University-Graduate School of Arts & Sciences
dc.sourceAsian Studies
dc.subjectbirth control
dc.subjectChinese Communist Party
dc.subjectfamily planning
dc.subjectpopulation
dc.subjectRepublican Era
dc.subjecttwo child policy
dc.subject.lcshAsia -- History
dc.subject.lcshGender Identity
dc.subject.lcshPublic health
dc.subject.otherAsian history
dc.subject.otherGender studies
dc.subject.otherPublic health
dc.titleLegacies of Republican-Era Population Policy in the Modern Two-Child Policy
dc.title.alternative民国时期人口政策对现代全面二胎政策的影响
dc.typethesis


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record