The Relationship between Length of Residence and Voting Behavior in the United States
Gessner, Cole Thomas
Prior research has identified a number of factors that are related to voter turnout, including socio-economic status, race, age, and sex. A substantial literature also suggests the existence of a positive relationship between length of residence and likelihood of voting. However, these studies use data from before 2016. The present study fills that gap in the literature by estimating the relationship between length of residence and the probability of voting using the most recent data from the United States Census Bureau Current Population Survey Voting Supplement. More specifically, I estimate the influence of length of residence on the probability of voting in the 2020 U.S. general election. Consistent with earlier studies, I find evidence of a small, positive, and statistically significant association between length of residence in the same home and the likelihood of voting in the November 2020 elections. Given that political participation is widely regarded as an indicator of a healthy and fully-functioning democracy, policymakers interested in preserving American democracy should look favorably on policies that facilitate length of residence at the same address.
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