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Factors Associated With Do-Not-Resuscitate Orders: Patients' Preferences, Prognoses, and Physicians' Judgments
BACKGROUND: Medical treatment decisions should be based on the preferences of informed patients or their proxies and on the expected outcomes of treatment. Because seriously ill patients are at risk for cardiac arrest, examination ...
Relationship Between Cancer Patients' Predictions of Prognosis and Their Treatment Preferences
CONTEXT: Previous studies have documented that cancer patients tend to overestimate the probability of long-term survival. If patient preferences about the trade-offs between the risks and benefits associated with alternative ...
Patient Age and Decisions to Withhold Life-Sustaining Treatments From Seriously Ill, Hospitalized Adults
BACKGROUND: Patient age may influence decisions to withhold life-sustaining treatments, independent of patients' preferences for or ability to benefit from such treatments. Controversy exists about the appropriateness of ...
Perceptions by Family Members of the Dying Experience of Older and Seriously Ill Patients
BACKGROUND: Alleviating the problems faced by dying persons and their families has drawn substantial public attention, but little is known about the experience of dying. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the experience of dying ...
Do Advance Directives Provide Instructions That Direct Care?
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the lack of effect of advance directives (ADs) on decision-making in SUPPORT might arise, in part, from the content of the actual documents. DESIGN: Advance directives placed in the medical ...